The textbook addresses the issues of rehabilitation of patients with diseases of the cardiovascular, respiratory, central and peripheral nervous systems, digestive system, with di seases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system, metabolic disturbances, infectious diseases, including tuberculosis, as well as the issues of application of rehabilitation technologies in obstetrics and gynecology. Regulatory environment, clinical medical substantiation of using the methods and facilities of medical rehabilitation are represented in this textbook, as well as basics of medical and social rehabilitation of the physically impaired. Specific features of medical supervision and nutritional support in medical rehabilitation are disclosed. Composition of rehabilitation programs is described in view of the administration of the motive regimen, remedial gymnastics, massage, physiotherapeutic procedures, reflexotherapy, psychotherapy, and sensible nutrition. The studied material is easier to assimilate through practicing the questions for selfcheck, test cases, and situational tasks represented in each chapter. The textbook is intended for students of medical educational institutions of the higher education majoring in the specialities of General Medicine and Pediatrics in the discipline of Medical Rehabilitation; it may be useful for resident physicians, specialists in the sphere of medical rehabilitation and associated trades.